ankle joint

The ankle joint is formed by three bones the Tibia and Fibula (the leg bones) and the Talus the bone at the top of the foot. This joint may cause many different types of foot problems.
The ends of the bones in these joints are covered by cartilage The major ligaments of the ankle are the anterior tibiofibular ligament which connects the tibia to the fibula, the lateral collateral ligaments which attach the fibula to the calcaneus and gives the ankle lateral stability and on the medial side of the ankle, the deltoid ligaments, which connect the tibia to the talus and calcaneus and provide medial stability.
These components of your ankle, along with the muscles and tendons of your lower leg, work together to handle the stress your ankle receives as you walk, run and jump.
If there is not at least 10 degrees of dorsiflexion (upward motion) available at the ankle joint the patient may tend to toe walk. This problem can be treated effectively in children if it is diagnosed early enough. If it is left untreated it may cause problems with some of the other joints within the foot.
Osteoarthritis, sometimes called degenerative arthritis, is a disease that involves the breakdown of the tissue (cartilage) that normally allows the joint to move smoothly. When the gliding surface of the cartilage is gone, the bones grind against each other, creating popping sounds, pain and loss of normal ankle movement. This condition occurs primarily in people over 50. If you suffer from sore ankles you should visit a Podiatrist and let them examine your ankle.

  ankle joint  

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Page last updated 14 October, 2007