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tendonitis

Tendonitis is the inflammation of a tendon. The tendon is the structure in your body that connects the muscles to the bones. The skeletal muscles in your body are responsible for moving your bones, thus enabling you to move in many ways. When a muscle contracts it pulls on a bone to cause movements. The structure that transmits the force of the muscle contraction to the bone is called a tendon.
Tendons come in many shapes and sizes. Some are very small, like the ones that cause movements of your fingers, and some are much larger, such as your achillies tendon in your heel. When functioning normally, these tendons glide easily and smoothly as the muscle contracts.
In some cases a tendon will run within a sheath. Inflammation of this sheath can cause an entrapment of the tendon, sometimes the tendons become inflamed for a variety of reasons, and the action of pulling the muscle becomes irritating. If the normal smooth gliding motion of your tendon is impaired, the tendon will become inflamed and movement will become painful, this is called tendonitis.
The most common cause of tendonitis is overuse. Commonly, individuals begin an exercise program, or increase their level of exercise, and begin to experience symptoms of tendonitis. The tendon is unaccustomed to the new level of demand, and this overuse will cause an inflammation and tendonitis.
Another common cause of symptoms of tendonitis is due to age-related changes of the tendon. As people age, the tendons loose their elasticity and ability to glide as smoothly as they used to. With increasing age, individuals are more prone to developing symptoms of tendonitis. The cause of these age-related changes is not entirely understood, but may be due to changes in the blood vessels that supply nutrition to the tendons.
Sometimes, there is an anatomical cause for tendonitis. If the foot over pronates the tendon does not have a smooth path to glide along, it will be more likely to become irritated and inflamed. There are many tendons in the foot which may suffer from this problem if you have pain in your foot seek advice from your Podiatrist.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Page last updated 14 October, 2007