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Corns

A corn is a circumscribed hyperkeratotic lesion with a central conical core of keratin that causes pain and inflammation. The conical core in a corn, which is a thickening of the stratum corneum, is a protective response to the mechanical trauma. This central core distinguishes the corn from the callus. Corns are divided into two subtypes: the hard corn (heloma durum) and the soft corn (heloma molle).
Some of the common causes of corn development are tight fitting footwear, high heeled footwear, tight fitting stockings and socks, deformed toes, or the foot sliding forward in a shoe that fits too loosely. Soft corns result from bony prominences and are located between the toes. They become soft due to perspiration in the forefoot area.
Complications that can arise from corns include bursitis and the development of an ulcer. There are very simple ways to prevent and treat the corns. You should wear properly fitted footwear with extra room in the toe box (toe area). Avoid shoes that are too tight or too loose. Use an orthotic or shoe insert made with materials that will absorb shock and shear forces. Also avoid tight socks and stockings to provide a healthier environment for the foot.
Try to steer away from corn removing solutions and medicated pads. These generally contain acids which can destroy healthy skin and hence can sometimes increase irritation and discomfort. Diabetics and all other individuals with poor circulation should never use any corn pads or solutions to remove corns.
Your Podiatrist can remove these corns with little or no discomfort to the patient.

 

 

 

  corn on foot  

 

 

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Page last updated 14 October, 2007